J. C. Bose founded the Institute in 1917, with the purpose of investigating
fully "the many and ever opening problems of the nascent science which
includes both life and non-life". Acharya Bose s early career included
many marvelously inventive and pioneering experiments on electromagnetism
which, in J. J. Thomson s words, marked "the dawn of the revival in
India, of interest in researches in the Physical Sciences", and on
the commonality of the response of plants and inorganic materials
to electric and mechanical stimuli. Those early successes lay behind
the stated purpose. Bose s successors remained true to that purpose.
Dr. D. M. Bose and Dr. Biva Chowdhury made the first experimental
recording of Meson tracks. He made further pioneering contributions
on the susceptibility measurement of paramagnetic compounds.
The institute was actively involved in pioneering discovery of Cholera
Toxin and its role in the pathogenesis of Cholera by Prof. S. N. De.
This led to breakthrough in understanding of the molecular mechanism
of toxin-receptor interaction in microbial pathogenesis.
Prof. B. B. Biswas and his group demonstrated multiplicity of RNAP
from higher plant sources. His group also discovered the inositol
phosphate cycle in plants.
It is, therefore, not surprising to find our research activities today
spanning a wide compass, a feature that makes us unique amongst all
research institutes in India. The Institute s 600 staff and students
mostly work out of two campuses in the city of Kolkata, which house
its various academic departments and sections, together with a Library
and other service units. The J.C. Bose Museum is a special attraction
in the Main Campus. It houses a fine collection of the manuscripts,
instruments etc. that record Bose s life and work; these are on permanent
display. In addition, there are four special purpose Field Stations.
In recent years the impact of scientific research is assessed on objective
criteria e.g. Citation Index, impact factors, Peer Review. In an independent
assessment of research activities in India by the National Information
System for Sciences & Technology (NISSAT) of the Department of Scientific
and Industrial Research, the research work from Bose Institute was
rated High impact in Biology and Biomedical research areas.
The eminence attained by Bose Institute in multi-disciplinary scientific
research is evident from the fact that during the last 10 years, 1115
research papers were published in peer reviewed national and international
journals and 167 students from the institute were awarded Ph.D. degrees
during the period. The high quality of research at the institute attracted
more than an Extra-mural funding support of more than Rs. 30.00 Crores
during the last 5 years (9th Five year Plan). The scientists have
received recognition in their respective areas of specialization from
national and international research organizations. Current faculty
include two S. S. Bhatnagar awards; two Fellow of Indian National
Science Academy; nine Fellow of National Academy of sciences; six
Fellow of Indian Academy of Sciences. In addition, several research
scientists have been awarded well known fellowships, such as Homi
Bhabha Felloeship, nehru fellowship, Rockefellor Foundation Fellowship,
K. S. Krishnan Fellowship and young scientists have received the DST,
DBT and INSA's Young Scientist Awards. The prestigious Darshan Vigyan
Samman, the DBT Young Women Bioscientist Award, and Pratima-Sucharu
Samman for Women Scientist of the year 2001 have also been received
by Bose Institute Scientists.