Bose Institute was founded by Acharya Jagadish Chandra Bose, F.R.S., in 1917. The institute was one of the earliest, perhaps the first modern research institute in India. He is generally acknowledged as the father of modern scientific research in India.

His scientific investigations can be classified under the following groups:

1894-1899 Started experimental research on the Hertzion waves (1894) in India and created the shortest radio-waves (5mm). He had devised a portable (10" x 12") apparatus for the study of optical properties of 5 mm waves. It had the earliest waveguide and Horn Antenna of Microwave engineering of today. J. C. Bose was the pioneer in multimedia communication. First communication experiments were conducted in 1895 in Calcutta. His Galena Detector was the first semiconductor device and the earliest Photovoltaic Cell (Applied for patent and granted in 1904, patent no. U.S. 755840). Recently, he has been acknowledged by IEEE (USA) as one of the pioneers in the discovery of radio.
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1899-1902 Initiated detailed study of coherer leading to his discovery of the common nature of electric response to all forms of stimulation, in animal and plant tissues as well as in some inorganic models
1902-1907 He continued efforts to device inorganic models of the biophysical phenomena underlying electrical and mechanical responses to stimulation, the transmission of excitation in plant and animal tissues and of vision and memory.
1907-1933 During this period he devoted himself mainly to the study of response phenomena in plants, complexity of whose responses lies intermediate between those of inorganic matter and animal. J. C. Bose founded premier research institute, BOSE INSTITUTE, in Calcutta on 30th November 1917. J. C. Bose delivered his address "The Voice of life" on this occasion and he dedicated the institute to the Nation.